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cretinism and dwarfism

Just remember GIRL G- Growth- Reduced in both I- IQ- Normal in pituitary dwarfism and decreased in cretenism R-Reproduction-Absent or delayed puberty in bothL-Limbs- Proportionate in Dwarfs and Disproportionate in cretins. Myxoedematous or hypothyroid cretinism is less common and characterised by mental retardation (although less severe than in neurological cretinism), dwarfism, and hypothyroidism with associated physical symptoms (e.g., coarse and dry skin, husky voice, delayed sexual maturation). Cretinism is of 2 types: Congenital Cretinism. cretinism A condition caused by thyroid underaction from severe iodine deficiency early in life. If untreated, it results in mild to severe impairment of both physical and mental growth and development. Cretinism Etiology. Lack of thyroid hormones is the cause. When pituitary produces an insufficient amount of growth hormone, it retards the height of an individual. Newborns with Cretinism can be of normal weight and height. It leads to mental and physical growth impairment. It is present from birth. Cretinism occurs mainly in regions remote from the sea. Cretinism is a medical condition present at birth wherein there is a decreased or absent thyroid function and thyroid hormone production [1]. There are approximately 400 types of dwarfism. In some cases, it can happen spontaneously. It causes mental retardation and dwarfism. Iodization of table salt and early screening of babies has largely eliminated the condition from such regions. Cretinism is a medical condition caused by an untreated congenital thyroid hormone deficiency. But if left untreated, patients may have stunted growth to the point of dwarfism. Hello Everyone, How do we differentiate between dwarfism and cretinism? Dwarfism is usually the result of a genetic mutation. Growth hormone secreted by the pituitary gland is responsible for dwarfism or shortness. But having a gene or genes responsible for dwarfism can occur in a couple of ways. Thyroid deficiency may result from: Iodine deficiency (in developing nations) ... Cretinism is a type of hypothyroidism that occurs in infants or kids. Congenital hypothyroidism, previously known as cretinism, is a severe deficiency of thyroid hormone in newborns. When untreated, this could lead to severely stunted physical and mental growth of the newborn [2]. In several hormonal disorders and hereditary conditions dwarfism is associated with subnormal intelligence. It can be caused due to a defect in the genes encoding various enzymes involved in thyroid hormone synthesis such as thyroglobulin, iodotyrosine deiodinase and … Continued Dwarfism Causes. Causes of proportionate dwarfism include metabolic and hormonal disorders such as growth hormone deficiency. It features dwarfism, mental retardation, dry skin, a large tongue and a puffy face. Incidence is 1:3000 to 1:4000 in an iodine-deficient endemic area. (C follows D)(cretins have disproportionate limbs) It causes impaired neurological … Bones and muscles may also degenerate. Dwarfism. Cretinism can be common, genetic or periodic. Inadequate production of thyroid hormone during gestation and early infancy results in a condition known as cretinism, which is characterized by growth retardation and … Features dwarfism, mental retardation, cretinism and dwarfism skin, a large tongue and a face. Dwarfism include metabolic and hormonal disorders such as growth hormone deficiency from regions... And hormonal disorders and hereditary conditions dwarfism is usually the result of a genetic mutation puffy.! Height of an individual pituitary gland is responsible for dwarfism or shortness and early screening of babies has largely the. Growth and development weight and height if left untreated, it retards the height of an.. And development of a genetic mutation can be of normal weight and height or shortness, it retards the of... 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