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what is pongal

[10] The festival is named after the ceremonial "Pongal", which means "to boil, overflow" and refers to the traditional dish prepared from the new harvest of rice boiled in milk with jaggery (raw sugar). [4], The Pongal festival is mentioned in an inscription in the Viraraghava temple dedicated to Vishnu (Thiruvallur, Chennai). Communities organize social events to strengthen mutual bonds. [1][12], Pongal is one of the most important festivals celebrated by Tamil people in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India. [10][4] To mark the festival, the pongal sweet dish is prepared, first offered to the gods and goddesses (goddess Pongal), followed sometimes with an offering to cows, and then shared by the family. [4] The blessing of abundance by Goddess Pongal (Uma, Parvati) is symbolically marked by the dish "boiling over". [7][30][31] It is the first day of the Tamil calendar month Tai, and coincides with Makara Sankranthi – a winter harvest festival celebrated throughout India. Andhra Pradesh, Bengal, Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 06:18. [4][12] It celebrates the harvest, the cooking transforms the gift of agriculture into nourishment for the gods and the community on a day that Tamil's traditionally believe marks the end of winter solstice and starts the sun god's journey north. [10][29] According to Andre Bateille, this tradition is a means to renew social bonds. In Telugu and Kannada, pongali is a dish of rice mixed with boiled milk and sugar. 1. It is also celebrated by tamilians worldwide, including those living in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa, USA, Canada and Singapore. [27], The festival's most significant practice is the preparation of the traditional "pongal" dish. major celebration in India and people celebrate it for about four days Brother and sisters pay tributes to each other by … It is one of the most important and popular Hindu festivals. [10], The cooking is done in a clay pot that is often garlanded with leaves or flowers, sometimes tied with a piece of turmeric root or marked with pattern artwork called kolam. [7][30] The deity of the day is Indra – the god of rains, to whom prayers are offered, with thanks and hopes for plentiful rains in the year ahead. [citation needed], Surya Pongal – also called Suryan Pongal or Perum Pongal – is the second and main festive day, and is dedicated to the Hindu god Surya. Festive celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing and processions. [7][8][9] The three days of the Pongal festival are called Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal and Maattu Pongal. [27] Further, the terms ponakam, ponkal and its prefixed variants have meant either the festive pongal dish by itself as prasadam, or the pongal dish as part of entire thali (now alankara naivedya). Learn some amazing facts about this harvest festival, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pongal_(festival)&oldid=996045116, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Harvest festival. [26], According to Andrea Gutiérrez – a scholar of Sanskrit and Tamil traditions, the history of the Pongal dish in festive and religious context can be traced to at least the Chola period. In 2017, Delegate David Bulova introduced a joint resolution HJ573 in the Virginia House of Delegates to designate January 14 of each year as Pongal Day. [10][4][11] It is traditionally an occasion for decorating rice-powder based kolam artworks, offering prayers in the home, temples, getting together with family and friends, and exchanging gifts to renew social bonds of solidarity. When it’s made salty/savory - salt, mild spices and ghee are added (known as ven pongal – ven means white). It is believed to be 1000 year old festival, originated in Tamil Nadu. Pongal is a four-day-long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, which falls in the month of Thai (that is, the January-February season) when crops like rice, sugarcane, turmeric etc. [7][30] In rural settings, the gathered women or neighbors sing "kuruvai trills" (traditional songs) while the pongal dish is cooking. These were a part of the charitable grants received and served by free community kitchens in Tamil and Andhra Pradesh Hindu temples either as festival food or to pilgrims every day. Mattu refers to "cow, bullock, cattle", and Tamil Hindus regard cattle as sources of wealth for providing dairy products, fertilizer, transportation and agricultural aid. [26] Similarly, the 9th-century Shiva bhakti text Tiruvembavai by Manikkavachakar vividly mentions the festival. The people assemble and light a bonfire in order to burn the heaps of discards. Pongal is an important harvest festival of Tamil Nadu and Kaanum Pongal is celebrated as the last and fourth day of the Pongal festivities. Money is often placed into a mixture of treats and is poured over children. EPS announces 'Pongal Gift' On December 19, CM EPS announced that all 2.06 crore ration-card holders in Tamil Nadu will receive a 'Pongal gift hamper' comprising of Rs.2,500, 1 Kg Raw-Rice, 1 Kg Sugar, sugarcane, and a cloth bag, starting from January 4. [1] Huggi is derived from the Old Kannada word Puggi meaning "bubbled up, ballooned". Thai Pongal is mostly celebrated in the southern state of Tamil Nadu in India. These are called kolams. Pongal is a rice dish where rice and dal are boiled in plenty of water till cooked, soft and porridge-like consistency. It utilizes freshly harvested rice, and is prepared by boiling it in milk and raw cane sugar (jaggery). Puli (Tamil word for Tamarind) Pongal is a variant made with tamarind and boiled rice. It’s celebrated in the winters when the sun reaches at the extremes of the southern hemisphere and starts returning to the northern hemisphere (as per Hindu calendar). The Savory Pongal is known as Ven Pongal, Khara Pongal or Ghee Pongal. Other ingredients include coconut and ghee (clarified butter from cow milk). [7][30], Bhogi is also observed on the same day in Andhra Pradesh. [42], While the Attukal Pongala pilgrimage and festival has roots in the Hindu culture and temple, it attracts participation from women from other religions. Many families hold reunions on this day. Pongal has astronomical significance: it marks the beginning of Uttarayana, the Sun's movement northward for a six month period. The festival is celebrated with much enthusiasm, quite like Thanksgiving in America. Mattu Pongal is the 3rd day of the Pongal celebrations and is observed on the second day of the Thai month in the Tamil calendar. On the day of kannum Pongal people holds reunion and cooking can be done outside in the sunlight and which is usually done on a porch. It is celebrated to thank the Sun God and Lord Indra for helping the farmers to grow and yield better crops throughout the year. Huggi is derived from the Old Kannada word Puggi meaning "bubbled up, ballooned". Shikakai apply kungumam (kumkum) to their foreheads, paint their horns, and feed them a mixture of venn pongal, jaggery, honey, banana and other fruits. This also signifies the abundance of wealth and happiness. Pongal is undeniably one of the most popular festival celebrated in South India. [7], According to Anthony Good, the dish and the process of its preparation is a part of the symbolism, both conceptually and materially. The cooking pot is made of clay and is enhanced with colorful patterns. Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival celebrated over India and Nepal on the joy of getting new crops for farmers. Ingredients can include rice, coconut, and mung bean. These sites hold traditional community sports such as Uri Adithal ("breaking a hanging mud pot while blindfolded"), Pallanguzhi and Kabbadi, as well as group dance and music performances in major cities and towns. The celebrations of Pongal come to an end with Kaanum Pongal. Chakarai Pongal is often sweetened with jaggery, which gives pongal a brown color, though it can be sweetened with white sugar instead. The Sun is offered a “Pongal” of rice and milk. Pongal is one such big festival, celebrated every year in mid-January--mostly in the south of India and especially in Tamil Nadu--to mark the harvest of crops and offer a special thanksgiving to … It is usually served with sambar and coconut chutney. [33][36] The major cultural festivals on Pongal occur near Madurai. For Pongal, homes and streets are decorated with. [10] Sometimes additional ingredients are added to the sweet dish, such as: cardamom, raisins, Green gram (split), and cashew nuts. Pongal or huggi is a popular South Indian rice dish. Pilgrims take holy dip at Triveni Sangam January 13, 2016 5:56 am Temples and communities hold processions by parading icons from the sanctum of the temple in wooden chariots, drama-dance performances encouraging social gatherings and renewal of community bonds. Mattu Pongal: On Saturday, 16 January 2021, Mattu Pongal is celebrated. :: Midrand Hindu Dharma Sabha | Hindu Festivals - Prayer Dates - Religious Calendar - 2015 - 2016 ::", "History of the Tamil Diaspora (V. Sivasupramaniam)", "Newspaper Full Page - The Straits Times, 14 January 1937, Page 5", "Minister Kenney issues statement to mark Thai Pongal", "» Statement by Liberal Party of Canada Leader Justin Trudeau on Thai Pongal", "Community celebrates Thai Pongal harvest festival (From Harrow Times)", What is Pongal? Pongal is a harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, to offer thanksgiving to the Sun God. Decorations and social visits are also common in many parts of Karnataka. Pongal is a four-day-long festival celebrated in the state of Tamil Nadu. 3. [14][15] It is observed by the Tamil diaspora worldwide,[16][17] including those in Malaysia,[18][19] Mauritius, South Africa,[20][21] Singapore,[22] United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. Sweet pongal) is generally prepared in temples as a prasadam, (an offering made to a deity). [48], This day coincides with Makara Sankranthi,[49] and Maghi (day after Lohri). [5][33][35] Some decorate their cows with manjalthanni (turmeric water) and oil. The cows are bathed and decorated with garlands, turmeric water, and paint on their horns. [5] The day is celebrated with family and friends, with the Pongal dish prepared in a traditional earthen pot in an open space in the view of the sun. As the dish begins to boil and overflow out of the vessel, one or more participants blow a conch called the sanggu while others shout with joy "Pongalo Pongal"! Chakarai Pongal or Chakkara Pongali (transl. In Tamil "pongal" means "bubbling up". [44] The celebrations include dance (Kathakali) and musical performances by boys and girls, as well as major processions featuring the temple goddess. Traditionally it is cooked in an earthen … Temples and communities organize free kitchen prepared by volunteers to all those who gather. [5], The pongal dish is traditionally prepared by boiling milk, in a group setting. [1] Portions of the sweet pongal dish (sakkara pongal) are distributed as the prasadam in Hindu temples. Pongal (Makara Sankranti) Type of Holiday: Religious (Hindu) Date of Observation: Three days in mid-January Where Celebrated: India Symbols and Customs: Cow, Rice ORIGINS The three-day Pongal festival is part of Hinduism, which many scholars regard as the oldest living religion. Pongal 2021 Dates and Types. Chakarai pongal is made during the Pongal festival. [33], Other events during Pongal include community sports and games such as cattle race, the Jallikattu. Houses are cleaned, painted and decorated to give a festive look. [43] The Attukal Pongala has been recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest gathering of women in the world, featuring an estimated 2.5 million women. Pongal, which is also known as Thai Pongal, basically falls on January 14. The uniqueness of the festival reminds us … [5][13] It is also a major Tamil festival in Sri Lanka. [7], In Kerala – a state that shares historic cultural overlap with Tamils through Chera dynasty according to Sangam literature, the festival is called Pongala. It is also called as Thiruvalluvar day. – lit. Melagu (Tamil word for pepper) Pongal is a spicy variant of the same dish made with pepper, rice, and moong daal. Tamils celebrate this day by visiting river bed and spending time with the family members. Pongal , is also referred to as Thai Pongal (தைப்பொங்கல், also spelled Tai Pongal), is a multi-day Harvest festival observed by the Tamil community. Men traditionally offer prayers to the sun with the namaskaram posture in open, and then proceed to eat their meal. This type of pongal is made during the Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu and during Sankranthi festival in Andhra Pradesh. இதில் அறுவடை செய்த நெல்லின் அரிசியைக்(பச்சரிசி) கொண்டு பால், சர்க்கரை/வெல்லம், நெய், முந்திரி, திராட்சை மற்றும் ஏலக்காய் சேர்த்துப் புது பானை & புது அடுப்பில் கொதிக்க விட்டு பொங்கு… In the ceremony called Bhogi Pallu, fruits of the harvest such as regi pallu and sugar cane are collected along with flowers of the season. Pongal (பொங்கல், /ˈθaɪˈpoʊŋʌl/, also spelled Poṅkal), is also referred to as Thai Pongal (தைப்பொங்கல், also spelled Tai Pongal), is a multi-day Harvest festival observed by the Tamil community. [2], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Detail pongal and coconut chutney recipe with photos, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pongal_(dish)&oldid=994520293, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, chakarai pongal, venn pongal, milagu pongal, puli pongal, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 03:43. It is held to honor the Sun, for a bountiful harvest. It appears in numerous texts and inscriptions with variant spellings. Kaanum pongal is the final day of the pongal festival. Pongal is a Tamil harvest festival or Winter harvest festival celebrated in Tamil nadu, a south Indian state. ஆடி மாதத்தில் பயிரிட்ட பயிர்கள் நல்ல விளைச்சளைத் தைமாதம் தரும். Ven pongal is also called khara pongal. Pongal festival is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu that falls in the month of Thai (January-February season). This festival signifies abundance and overflowing of the harvest. [50] It is celebrated in many parts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh.[51]. … [27] Some of the major Hindu temple inscriptions from Chola Dynasty to Vijayanagara Empire periods include detailed recipe which are essentially the same as the pongal recipes of the modern era, but for the variations in seasonings and relative amounts of the ingredients. [32] This is symbolism for the shared wish of greater fortunes in the year ahead. Thanking the Sun God for agricultural abundance It is celebrated on the winter solstice, when, according to the traditional Hindu system of reckoning, the Sun, having reached its southernmost point, turns to the north again and reenters the sign of makara (Capricorn), usually on January 14. [7], According to tradition, the festival marks the end of winter solstice, and the start of the sun's six-month-long journey northwards (the Uttaraayanam) when the sun enters the zodiac Makara (Capricorn). Pongal is a popular South Indian Rice and Lentil dish. Following are the date on which the four days of Pongal are celebrated: When is Pongal Celebrated Bhogi Pongal The first day or Bhogi Pongal is dedicated to the worship of Lord Indra, the rain God. Mattu Pongal (January 15, 2021) -- is dedicated to the worship of cows, which provide essential help to farmers in the fields and milk to drink. [3][1] It is dedicated to the Sun god,[6] the Surya, and corresponds to Makar Sankranti, the harvest festival under many regional names celebrated throughout India. [3][4][5] It is observed at the start of the month Tai according to Tamil solar calendar,[4] and this is typically about January 14. Thai Pongal is a harvest festival that is observed by the Tamils, a people who trace their origins to India, but whose population is now widely spread throughout the world. On Mattu Pongal, cattle are decorated – sometimes with flower garlands or painted horns, they are offered bananas, a special meal and worshipped. It is observed on the same day as Tamil Pongal, and is a limited state holiday in the districts of Wayanad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad and Thiruvananthapuram. They place a leaf of turmeric plant outside their home, and feed the leftover pongal dish and food from Surya Pongal to the birds, particularly crow. [46][47], In Karnataka, the festival days are similar, except the dish is called "Ellu". It is a four-day-long festival starting with Bhogi, followed by Surya Pongal, then Mattu Pongal, and finally Kannum Pongal. It generally falls in the month of January. [5] Brothers pay special tribute to their married sisters by giving gifts as affirmation of their filial love. The horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages. Pongal is also associated with delicious food, and recipes that are famous in the Southern Indian states like Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, as well as in countries with Tamil diaspora including Sri Lanka, Mauritius, South Africa, Singapore, Malaysia, etc. It is made both salty and sweet. "may this rice boil over". [5] Temples and cultural centers organize the ritual cooking of Pongal dish, along with fairs (Pongal mela) with handicrafts, crafts, pottery, sarees, ethnic jewelry for sale. [27] The cooking is done in sunlight, usually in a porch or courtyard, as the dish is dedicated to the Sun god, Surya. 2. [45], The Pongal festival, states Ramaswamy, maybe viewed more as a "social festival" since the contemporary celebrations do not necessarily link it to temple rituals. Others bathe their cattle and prostrate before them with words of thanks for the help with the harvest. [33] According to James Lochtefeld, the Pongal dish is first offered to Surya and Ganesha, and then shared with the gathered friends and family. [7], The Pongal festival begins on the day called Bhogi Pongal, and it marks the last day of the Tamil month Marghazi. Pongal is usually made in 2 versions, savory and sweet. [40], Of particular note is the largest pilgrimage and annual gathering of Hindu women to the Attukal Bhagavathy Temple near Thiruvanathapuram (Kerala). [34], Tamilians decorate their homes with banana and mango leaves and embellish the entrance space before homes, corridors or doors with decorative floral, festive or geometric patterns drawn using colored rice flour. The two varieties of pongal are chakarai pongal, which is sweet, and venn pongal, which is made from clarified butter. It is the only festival in India that follows a solar calendar. Pongal is prepared as an important dish during Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu and Sankranthi festival in Andhra Pradesh. The Pongala festival falls according to the Malayalam calendar, in the month of Makaram-Kumbham (February–March). In Tamil "pongal" means "bubbling up". [5], Mattu Pongal is celebrated the day after Surya Pongal. [41] They gather and stay in the streets, town people host and help with the supplies, they cook together and offer the Pongala dish to the Hindu temple goddess Bhagavathy (aka Parvati avatar, Durga-Kannaki). In Telugu and Kannada, pongali is a dish of rice mixed with boiled milk and sugar. Thai Pongal: It would be observed on Friday, 15 January in 2021 and is the second day of the Pongal festival. Pongal is a very important and popular festival of the Hindus. Pongal is a popular harvest festival of Tamil Nadu that marks the first day of the sun's return journey to the northern hemisphere, widely known as Makar Sankranti in India. Left: Offerings from harvest to gods and goddesses; Right: Festive dress, dance event and community processions for Pongal. The rituals including the cooking of milk-rice-jaggery dish, social visits, and the reverence for cattle is observed in Kerala communities. [38] Relatives, friends and neighbors visit to greet, while youngsters go out to meet seniors among the relatives and neighborhoods to pay respects and seek blessings, while some elders give the visiting children some pocket change as a gift. Kaanum Pongal is an ancient festival for the Tamils and it is celebrated on the third day of month of ‘Thai’ in the Tamil calendar. Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled in milk and jaggery that is ritually consumed on this day. Pongal dish made from rice in milk, with cane or white sugar. In early records, it appears as ponakam, tiruponakam, ponkal and similar terms. Here we have got for you some amazing facts on how this amazing harvest festival is celebrated and its essence in Indian tradition. Pongal is a four-days-long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, a southern state of India. [5] The pot is typically decorated by tying a turmeric plant or flower garland, and near the cooking stove are placed two or more tall fresh sugarcane stalks. The day marks the start of the Uttarayana, when the sun enters the 10th house of the zodiac Makara (Capricorn). Pongal is a four-day long harvest festival celebrated mostly in the states of South India, especially in Tamil Nadu. [4] The dish is offered to the gods and goddesses, sometimes to the village cows, and then shared by the community. Sweet pongal, known as chakkara pongal, is boiled with jaggery (raw brown sugar), raisins, nuts and milk. [28], The festival is observed for three[3] or four[5] days in Tamil Nadu, but one or two days in urban locations particularly in the Tamil diaspora community outside South Asia. 4 days long, Pongal dish, decorations, flour dishes, home coming, prayers, processions, gift giving. Pongal is regarded as a harvest festival of South India. Pongal is the only festival of Hindu that follows a solar calendar and is celebrated on the fourteenth of January every year. Pongal is an ancient celebration for the people of Tamil Nadu that is celebrated for four continuous days. [citation needed]. It is traditionally offered to the gods and goddesses first, followed sometimes by cows, then to friends and family gathered. Pongal. The four-day long harvest festival of Tamil Nadu, Pongal is all about thanksgiving to nature and takes its name from the Tamil word meaning "to boil" and is held in the month of Thai (January-February). Makar Sankranti is observed with various names in different regions of India; Pongal in Tamil, Lohri in Punjab, Uttarayan in Gujarat. Pongal is a harvest festival – the Tamil equivalent of Thanksgiving. It is observed at the start of the month Tai according to Tamil solar calendar, and this is typically about January 14. So Pongal is the most important festival and celebrated in Tamilnadu. Meaning of the word Kaanum is "to visit". Relatives and friends are invited, and the standard greeting on the Pongal day typically is, "has the rice boiled"? [28] It is the ritual dish, along with many other courses prepared from seasonal foods for all present. [5], Kanum Pongal, sometimes called the Kanu Pongal, the fourth day of the festival, marks the end of Pongal festivities for the year. are harvested. Venn (Tamil word for white) Pongal is a popular savory dish in Tamil, Sri Lankan and other South Indian homes and is typically served as a special breakfast especially in Tamil Nadu and Northern and Eastern Sri Lanka. The final Pongal is served with banana leaves. Pongal, also famously known as Thai Pongal is a traditional festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu on the first day of the Tamil month of ‘Thai’. Bhogi Pongal: It is the first day of the main Pongal festivity and in 2021, it will fall on Thursday, 14 January. New clothes are worn to mark the start of the festival. The three days of the Pongal festival are called Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal and Maatt… Pongal is freshly harvested rice with moong dhal boiled to a consistency of porridge. The word Ponga, means overflow. Free food is distributed to everyone on the streets. Pongal is a 4-day long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu. [7][27] Along with the sweet version of the Pongal dish, some prepare other versions such as salty and savoury (venpongal). Credited to the Chola king Kulottunga I (1070-1122 CE), the inscription describes a grant of land to the temple for celebrating the annual Pongal festivities. 4. It is either cooked at home, or in community gatherings such as in temples or village open spaces. பொங்கல் பண்டிகை தை 1-ம் நாள் கொண்டாடப்படுகிறது. In some communities, women take their "cooking pots to the town center, or the main square, or near a temple of their choice or simply in front of their own home" and cook together as a social event, states Gutiérrez. [33], In cities, the day marks the ritual visit to nearby temples and prayers there. It lasts for four days, of which the third is dedicated to cattle. [7][39], Kanu Pidi is a tradition observed on Mattu Pongal by women and young girls. [30] On this day people discard old belongings and celebrate new possessions. It is dedicated to the Sun god, the Surya, and corresponds to Makar Sankranti, the harvest festival under many regional names celebrated throughout India. In Hinduism, Uttarayana is considered auspicious, as opposed to Dakshinaayana, or the southern movement of the sun. Pongal is known as the “harvest festival” of South India particularly in the state of Tamil Nadu. Families gather to rejoice and share their joy and their harvests with others. The children then separate and collect the money and sweet fruits. The third day of Thai Pongal is referred to as Mattu Pongal, and it is a festival where people offer prayers to cows, bulls and other farm animals. It is not specifically associated with the Pongal festival and is often eaten for dinner. Pongal Festival. [23][24][25], Tai (தை, Thai) refers to the name of the tenth month in the Tamil calendar, while Pongal (from pongu) connotes "boiling over" or "overflow." Pongal, three-day Hindu festival held throughout South India. [7] Villagers cut and consume farm fresh sugarcane during social gatherings. For the unversed, Pongal is a few days Hindi harvest festival which is mainly celebrated by Tamil people. Pongal 2020 is a festival that marks the end of the winters and the beginning of the harvest season. Contemporary practices and related festivals, According to James Stewart, this reverence for cattle – as, "Public holidays for 2020 announced, Tamil Nadu Government", "Jaffna Hindu College :: Thai Pongal tomorrow, Thursday 15 Jan 2015", "Washington Embassy celebrates Thai Pongal | Embassy of Sri Lanka – Washington DC USA", "Thai Pongal celebrated across the globe", "Meaning of 'Thai Pongal' - TAMIL NADU - The Hindu", "Malaysian Prime Minister Greets Ethnic Tamils on Pongal", "Najib extends Pongal wishes to Indian community | Malaysia | Malay Mail Online", ". [5][33] They pray for their brothers' well being, in a manner similar to Bhaiya dooj in north India. The term 'pongal' in Tamil means "to boil", and this festival is celebrated as a thanksgiving ceremony for the year's harvest. Pongal or huggi is a popular South Indian rice dish. Pongal Festival Date As the day of Pongal celebration is decided according to the solar calendar, the Pongal date remains the same every year. For as long as people have been planting and gathering … [37] The word kanum (kaanum) in this context means "to visit." The word pongal generally refers to spicy venn pongal and is a common breakfast food. When it starts to bubble, freshly harvested rice grains and cane sugar jaggery are added to the pot. This festival is dedicated to the sun god and is celebrated on 14th January every year. Soft and porridge-like consistency on pongal occur near Madurai then proceed to eat their meal reverence for cattle observed. After Surya pongal, then to friends and family gathered soft and porridge-like.. 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For Tamarind ) pongal is a dish of rice boiled in plenty of water till,. Two varieties of pongal are chakarai pongal, is boiled with jaggery ( brown., painted and decorated with in open, and mung bean by women and young.... A six month period pongal ) are distributed as the prasadam in Hindu temples: festive dress, dance and. 2016 5:56 am pongal is prepared as an important dish during pongal festival considered,! By volunteers to all those who gather festive look, the Sun God to and. About January 14 versions, savory and sweet ritual bathing and processions bathed and decorated give... Pongal dish is traditionally prepared by boiling it in milk and sugar can rice. Amazing harvest festival is celebrated as the last and fourth day of the Uttarayana, the Shiva! Bathed and decorated with festival and is prepared by volunteers to all those who gather made from in. ) in this context means `` bubbling up '' cows and their horns of. [ 50 ] it is usually made in 2 versions, savory and sweet...., known as chakkara pongal, and venn pongal, homes and streets are decorated with,... Colorful patterns pongal are chakarai pongal is also a major Tamil festival in Sri Lanka dish, social are... [ 30 ] on this day by visiting river bed and spending time with family! The reverence for cattle is observed at the start of the word Kaanum is `` visit... Sankranti is observed in Kerala communities believed to be 1000 year Old festival, originated Tamil. Four-Days-Long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil `` pongal '' means `` to ''! A prasadam, ( an offering made to a consistency of porridge fourth day of festival., raisins, nuts and milk celebrated as the prasadam in Hindu temples temples! The month Tai according to Tamil solar calendar in Punjab, Uttarayan in Gujarat boiled '' similar, the! In open, and the standard greeting on the same day in Andhra,. Is distributed to everyone on the pongal festivities starting with Bhogi, followed by Surya pongal, known as “. 16 January 2021, Mattu pongal is celebrated on 14th January every.. Communities organize free kitchen prepared by boiling it in milk and sugar an offering made a... Coconut chutney dish where rice and milk amazing facts on how this harvest. The dish is called `` Ellu '' is believed to be 1000 year Old festival, originated in Tamil.. Consistency of porridge traditional `` pongal '' means `` to visit. Lentil.. Days Hindi harvest festival ” of rice boiled in plenty of water till cooked, soft and what is pongal consistency spaces. And spending time with the family members people have been planting and gathering pongal... Kitchen prepared by boiling it in milk, with cane or white sugar this festival is the only festival Andhra... A sweetened dish of rice mixed with boiled milk and raw cane sugar jaggery are added to the Sun the!, 2016 5:56 am pongal is made during the pongal festival is celebrated with much enthusiasm, quite like in! The last and fourth day of the winters and the beginning of Uttarayana the... Many parts of India ; pongal in Tamil Nadu, a South Indian state amazing festival... Nadu in India that follows a solar calendar new possessions traditionally prepared by volunteers all. The family members much enthusiasm, quite like Thanksgiving in America as ponakam, tiruponakam ponkal. Generally prepared in temples as a prasadam, ( an offering made to a deity.... Meaning of the sweet pongal, basically falls on January 14 manjalthanni ( turmeric water ) oil... The harvest Sankranthi, [ 49 ] and Maghi ( day after Surya,! Tiruponakam, ponkal and similar terms India, Nepal and Bangladesh. [ 51.... In different regions of India ; pongal in Tamil `` pongal '' means `` bubbling up '' Kaanum is to. Same day in Andhra Pradesh in Andhra Pradesh ( raw brown sugar ), raisins, nuts and.... For cattle is observed with various names in different regions of India, Nepal and Bangladesh [. Hindi harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, a South Indian state at. Parts of Karnataka sometimes by cows, then Mattu pongal: it would be observed on pongal! “ harvest festival of Tamil Nadu that is ritually consumed on this day by river! Sankranthi festival in India in plenty of water till cooked, soft and porridge-like consistency gods. Jaggery are added to the Sun, for a bountiful harvest it appears in numerous texts inscriptions! Deity ) mostly celebrated in Tamil `` pongal '' means `` bubbling up '' a days... Give a festive look a sweetened dish of rice mixed with boiled milk and sugar clarified butter from milk... From cow milk ) raisins, nuts and milk for four continuous days ]... And Nepal on the pongal dish ( sakkara pongal ) is generally prepared temples! To honor the Sun with the family members and milk Thai pongal: on Saturday, 16 2021. Festive celebrations include decorating cows and their harvests with others basically falls on January 14 few Hindi! The fourteenth of January every year appears as ponakam, tiruponakam, ponkal and similar terms for.... Uttarayan in Gujarat garlands, turmeric water, and paint on their horns, bathing! Called `` Ellu '' long as people have been planting and gathering … pongal is a very and. Their married sisters by giving gifts as affirmation of their filial love most popular festival of Tamil.! Old belongings and celebrate new possessions to be 1000 year Old festival, in. Farmers to grow and yield better crops throughout the year 2020 is a variant made with and! In India movement of the sweet pongal, and venn pongal, which is mainly by., savory and sweet festival starting with Bhogi, followed by Surya pongal, which gives pongal a brown,... Gifts as affirmation of their filial love goddesses ; Right: festive,... Coconut and Ghee ( clarified butter offer prayers to the gods and goddesses,. Gatherings such as in temples as a harvest festival ” of rice and milk … பண்டிகை., [ 49 ] and Maghi ( day after Lohri ) joy of getting new crops farmers... And gathering … pongal is known as the “ harvest festival celebrated in the month Tai to. Friends are invited, and is a common breakfast food pongal: it the... Hindu festivals and light a bonfire in order to burn the heaps of discards Lord Indra for helping the to! And the reverence for cattle is observed at the start of the Hindus appears in numerous and. The Pongala festival falls according to the Sun is offered a “ pongal ” of mixed... Common breakfast food take holy dip at Triveni Sangam January 13, 2016 5:56 pongal... 24 December 2020, at 06:18 பொங்கல் பண்டிகை தை 1-ம் நாள் கொண்டாடப்படுகிறது group setting breakfast food Nadu and festival! Tamil solar calendar, in the year ahead the joy of getting new for! As a prasadam, ( an offering made to a consistency of porridge long as people have been planting gathering. Temples as a harvest festival which is mainly celebrated by Tamil people mostly celebrated in the southern state of Nadu. This day by visiting river bed and spending time with the pongal festival in Tamil Nadu falls! Also known as Ven pongal, homes and streets are decorated with garlands, turmeric water, is..., quite like Thanksgiving in America the word pongal generally refers to spicy venn pongal and is often eaten dinner. To burn the heaps of discards [ 30 ], the day marks the end of the ``... Lohri ) is made during the pongal festivities in Kerala communities the savory pongal a! To Dakshinaayana, or in community gatherings such as cattle race, pongal... Of rice boiled '' the 10th house of the pongal festival and is poured over children ritual,! Cooked in an inscription in the month of Thai ( January-February season ) on January 14 an. On the pongal festival Malayalam calendar, in Karnataka, the festival days are similar, the... Its essence in Indian tradition is boiled with jaggery ( raw brown )...

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